W3 Wise Words on Writing

W3 is a monthly newsletter for writers on a variety of topics from technique to the psychology of writing. It appears by the 15th of each month. More information is available from www.wisewordsonwriting.com

Tuesday, May 10, 2005

No. 15 Travel Writing


Remember the Story
by Larry Habegger.

The best travel stories are really stories about life, with lessons for the writer and reader about ourselves and the people and places in our still magical world. We don't have to travel far to explore both the outer and inner worlds.

Some of us love to roam the world, close to the ground, under the radar. Others would rather stay close to home, poking into niches in nearby neighborhoods and discovering new meaning in everyday things. It doesn't matter, really, which way you approach travel when you're interested in writing about it. It's all life experience, and the probing of meaning beneath the surface of things.

But travel writing is necessarily about place and the traveler's relationship with it. What is it about the place, whether it's a market in your own hometown or a souk in a medina, that captures, engages, or even repels you? What does that place tell you about the culture you are suddenly immersed in, the people who create it, and yourself? These answers don't come readily; they require observation, reflection, teasing out. They require taking your time to draw in what's around you and distil it through your own experience to find a truth for yourself, and then, once found, to communicate to others through your writing.

An easy way to begin this process (and a good way to get started writing anytime, even at your own desk) is to focus on all five senses and write about them in a simple journal. Think not just about what you see, but also about what you hear, smell, taste, and touch (or what touches you: the chair, the air, the breeze, the pen and paper in your hands). This helps you draw a portrait of the place and gives you entry points into deeper reflection, like a painter sketching a scene before applying the brush. This reflection will often lead toward vignettes that can develop into deeper, longer stories, but sometimes the vignettes will be enough to communicate a world of meaning. They tell a story of their own, sometimes the whole story. And telling stories is vitally important. It's the way we learn, teach, and share our humanity.

The Importance of Stories

The importance of stories to prepare for travel was at the core of the founding of Travelers' Tales, the publishing company started by James and Tim O'Reilly and me in 1993. When Tim, a computer book publisher (O'Reilly & Associates), was heading to Australia for a conference many years ago, he intended to bring his family along and take an extra week to explore the Great Barrier Reef. He read about places to go and things to do in several guidebooks, but as appealing as everything sounded, it all sounded the same, and he couldn't find a way to make a choice. In the end he didn't bother. On the way home he read a story about a family vacation on Lady Elliot Island in the in-flight magazine. Suddenly he knew where he wanted to go, but by then it was too late. If he had read that story while preparing for his journey he would have found the place he wanted and discovered it for himself.

Tim's experience illustrated a premise that is all too often overlooked -- the importance of stories in travel preparation. It started him thinking about a void in travel publishing and led to discussions with his brother, James, about creating a new line of travel books that would do for others what that magazine story had done for him - capture the imagination.

The story he had read of a woman snorkelling with her daughter brought Lady Elliot Island to life because it was presented through the lens of human experience. The story itself was not particularly dramatic-the author's daughter's encounter with a sea turtle was the centerpiece-but it made clear the relaxed, family-oriented nature of the island and the easy access to the reef. Mostly though, it was the human element of the personal essay that made Lady Elliot stand out as a desirable location, when the glowing paragraphs of the standard travel guides had given an overwhelming sameness to all the islands.

The point of Tim's story is that information is so much more accessible-so much more real-when communicated in narrative form. Stories act as vehicles to link information with different parts of your psyche so places stand out, ideas get translated, and you make the information your own.

Everyone knows the pleasure of a good story. When you've been on the road and had remarkable experiences, it's great fun to tell your friends about what happened and how it moved you. Or as we all know, when things go wrong, the story gets so much better once enough time has passed. In fact, creating our own stories is one of the reasons we travel. But stories are much more than entertainment.

Stories are the lifeblood of human interaction and have fueled the imagination about the outside world since time immemorial. Stories inform, enlighten, engage, communicate, open up the individual and create access to cultures and places that would otherwise remain mysterious, challenging, even threatening. Stories demystify while helping retain mystique. Stories make the exotic seem both more alluring and more accessible.

Stories act as a magic carpet to explore concepts you might never otherwise know and prepare you emotionally and psychologically for adventures into foreign lands. And in the most practical sense, they help you decide what experiences you'd like to have or avoid, what places you'd like to visit or bypass.

Who could imagine the hospitality of a Berber's tent before reading a story about the extraordinary feast a traveler had there? Who could conjure the interaction with the Tibetan llama on the flanks of Mount Everest without hearing the tale of the traveler who made the simple human contact? Who could comprehend the thrill of racing across the Mongolian steppes on horseback without reading the story of the traveler who did it?

Well, maybe we could all imagine it, but when reading these stories we know that these experiences are real and could be ours. Or we know that experiences like these are possible, and are possible for us. The power of stories is so strong that often all it takes is a few words to create worlds of meaning. Take, for instance, James O'Reilly's encounter in a French restaurant. In this simple vignette he communicates the influence of French culture on both dining and language and also on the behavior of outsiders, specifically, those with inadequate French.

The maître d' fixes you with an intense gaze, and with a sweep of his hand grants permission to leave his exquisite, perfect restaurant. He says only "Bonsoir, monsieur," but his words-so deep, rich (yes, mellifluous)-are a gift, a magnanimous act. You strive to reciprocate, but it comes out too high, absurd: "Bone-swahr," a German dog biscuit which goes skittering across the floor to clatter at the feet of frowning diners. Alas, you are a caveman. You may as well go now to the coat check and ask for your skins and your club and shamble into the night.

Or consider my own account of seeing the Himalayas for the first time in an Indian hill town. Again, a simple few words creates a profound understanding of the power of place, and puts the reader squarely there.

I arrived in Darjeeling in a dense fog. Above the window in the living room of the teahouse was a panoramic photograph of the most magnificent mountains I had ever seen. I asked where the scene was. The proprietor tilted her head as if I were nuts and pointed out the window. "There," she said. I looked out at the solid bank of clouds and vowed to stay as long as necessary to see that sight. Each morning I'd wake up and eagerly look out my window but it was always the same grey mist, until one morning I awoke at dawn and sensed something different in the texture of the sky visible from my bed. My heart started to race. I sat up and there, filling the window and most of the sky was the glimmering massif of Kanchenjunga, dusted a brilliant red by the rising sun and sprawling across the horizon as if embracing the whole world. For many moments I disappeared into it, overcome by the sheer gravity of the mountain. I had never seen a more powerful vision.

Or take James O'Reilly's thoughts while visiting a World War II site in Normandy. They bring the horrors and poignancy of war to mind with a force so powerful you can feel it in your gut.

I don't think the hideous intimacy of war ever quite came home to me until I visited the Peace Museum in Caen. It wasn't a picture of bodies blasted to bits, or gaunt prisoners, or tanks in flames, but of a 17-year-old girl about to be hanged in Warsaw. She was smiling, forgiving the whole thing with the beauty of her soul and her short life. But the most awful thing about the picture was the face of the German soldier with the noose. He looked so terribly unhappy. Poor bastard, I thought (standing there with my own daughters) he didn't want to do it. Perhaps he was even a father himself, and if he refused his orders, no doubt he would be shot. What awful set of events brought him to this moment? What daisy chains of evil and banality and failures of free will? What would I do in such a situation? What would you do? And then, a bit farther down the hall, a photograph of Hitler in Paris, smiling.

These vignettes communicate far more to the reader than any practical information could, and it's because they are stories. Stories touch our human core and reach our emotions, drawing us in to the possibilities in the world and between each other. Stories carry magical powers, and sharing stories can make all the difference in the world.

The story you tell about your travels might create the same wanderlust in your friends, and inspire them to embark on a journey that could change their lives. Or you might motivate them to explore their own surroundings with greater awareness. You never know. Stories are like that. They are treasures, not to be hoarded, but spread around, enriching all.

Now sit back, and let me tell you a story…


For plenty of samples go to http://www.travelerstales.com/carpet/index.tcl.


Take your journal to a comfortable place (an outdoor café is ideal), and write for a certain period of time (as little as a minute, or as much as five to ten minutes or more) from each of the five senses: I see, I hear, I taste, I smell, I touch. When finished, add a sixth: I imagine. What you write should produce a portrait of the place and you in it, and lead to ideas to develop



About Literary Factories

· My first reading was the Hardy Boys and their authorship was attributed to a Franklin W. Dixon -- who in fact was a Canadian who wrote the first two or three. I've done some ghost writing for a brand name, and with no compunctions. It was just a bit of fun, and pay check) but I would never want anyone to know that (blank) occasionally writes under other names. Nor would I like it if anyone wrote under mine.

Take care,

· Hi, thanks for the e-letters, they're inspiring.

It's funny literary factories came up, because I was just thinking about this yesterday.

First, (it's hard for this not to come across as snotty through e-mail, but I swear I'm not sneering as I type this), it's Tom Clancey, not James Patterson who has the Op-Center series. Poor Patterson is innocent! (Note from W3 - I was quoting Writers' News) I have to say I don't find them deceptive at all because it says right on the cover "'Tom Clancey's Op-Center' by Tom Clancey (in big letters), written with blah blah blah (in small letters)." These books pop out once a week, so it's obvious Clancey's not writing them. He created the original idea and original world and deserves to have his name on the cover. The minion who actually wrote the thing also has his name there, it's obvious he did all the writing, so for me; I see no problem with these.

I WOULD be upset if I read a book that says by JK ROWLING and come to find it was written by someone else (as is happening in China -- Harry Potter and the Golden Tortoise, etc.).

Second, as an author, you want to be branded. You want your name to become a brand because that's how you get name recognition and pump up your sales so you can make enough money to continue writing. Nothing wrong with that, I'd love tobe a brand name someday.

Third, branded industries can be a source of inspiration when sharing a world. I'll give an example -- the Star Wars novels. These are more often than not written by hacks, but its a universe familiar to many, and many writers might enjoy writing within the decided boundaries of this universe and get to contribute to and expand on it, as well. Personally, I'd rather create my own little universe, but as a child I spent countless hours in the Star Wars world inside my head, and I can definitely understand the lure of wanting to go back there.

I admit, this is different from the Nancy Drew series -- here you have a character, not a world, so it's closer to you personally, as a reader. Happens to other branded characters, too -- James Bond, Conan the Barbarian, Tarzan, etc. As long as the person who wrote it has his or her name on the cover and there is no deception involved, I see nothing wrong with it. At least you can shake your head and say "So-and-so sure doesn't write them like the creator!"

Ok, off to bang my head on my desk for a few hours...

-Derek Seklecki


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